Oct 25, 2021
This podcast highlights original research published in the October 2021 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation.
Pathologic extranodal extension (ENE) is an important adverse feature for human papillomavirus (HPV)–negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but the prognostic significance of microscopic ENE (ENEmi) and role of adjuvant concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) for ENEmi remain unclear. This study evaluates (1) the prognostic significance of ENEmi in HPV-negative HNSCC and (2) whether adjuvant CRT is associated with improved overall survival (OS) for these patients.
In conclusion, for patients with HPV-negative HNSCC, pN+ with ENEmi is associated with worse OS than pN+ without ENE. However, for patients with ENEmi, concurrent CRT is not associated with improved OS relative to RT. The optimal adjuvant paradigm for ENEmi requires additional investigation.